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(CS02) Quality of democracy
CS02 — The Reform of Global Governance to Improve the Efficiency and Coordination of International Institutions
The Reform of International Institutions
Globalization creates several issues that need to be regulated by international organizations because a single nation cannot deal with them by itself. In 1945 the U.N. was created to regulate relationships among nations and prevent conflicts. However, the U.N. lacks coordination and needs to be reformed to increase cooperation both in the vertical dimension and the horizontal dimension. Vertical cooperation shall be developed between the U.N. and NGOs involved in international development; horizontal coordination shall be increased between the Secretary General and the specialized agencies. New international institutions shall be given the authority to regulate global issues such as conflict prevention, water and energy supply, nuclear nonproliferation and the protection of the environment. Such institutions should be created within the United Nations, which has the administrative structure to enact and implement universal rules. The international community has made several calls in recent years to create a new system of global governance. However, it has been difficult to turn the words into action. I believe that a reform of the U.N. can create a more efficient organization that would effectively address world problems. The U.N. Reform should cover the legislative (General Assembly), executive (Secretary General), judiciary (International Court of Justice) and financial (World Bank and IMF) branches. The United Nations reform shall reflect the historical changes that occurred in the past 50 years and the action of the U.N. system shall be better coordinated and centralized to be able to face the global challenges of contemporary governance.
Francesco Stipo
Club of Rome, U.S. Association, United States
International Political Science Association and Secretariat Partners :
UNESCO ISSC Concordia University Montréal International IAPSS